What Are Some Effects Of Global Warming – In our rapidly changing world, few issues require global attention and urgency like climate change. Relentless and massive in its impact, climate change has far-reaching effects on our planet’s ecosystems, wildlife and even our own existence.

Climate change has been proven to be a direct cause of human actions such as burning fossil fuels and destroying the natural environment. According to NASA, experts on our planet:

What Are Some Effects Of Global Warming

It is undeniable that human activities have created atmospheric gases that trap the Sun’s energy in the Earth system. This excess energy warmed the atmosphere, oceans, and land, and caused massive and rapid changes in the atmosphere, oceans, cryosphere, and biosphere. NASA

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To help us understand climate change, what it means and how it’s changing our world, we’ve compiled a list of facts and information straight from the experts. In this article, we will set out a clear and comprehensive view of the reality of our changing climate.

Climate change is a direct effect of global warming. Global warming is the effect of human activities on our planet’s atmosphere that increases the temperature. We do this by producing too many greenhouse gases (such as carbon dioxide) that get trapped in the Earth’s atmosphere.

As the Earth warms, our climate and the environment we know begin to change, and catastrophic events begin to occur – such as melting ice caps, rising sea levels and extreme weather events, such as hurricanes and wildfires.

Collectively these changes are called ‘climate change’ and since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, the impact of this phenomenon has been increasing, with more frequent and devastating impacts occurring in recent years.

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Although some people do not believe that climate change is caused by human activity, research teams around the world have concluded that it is, without a doubt, true. According to IPCC (The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change):

Human-induced climate change, including more frequent and severe extreme events, has caused extensive adverse impacts and related losses and damages for nature and people beyond natural climate variability. […] Extremes in weather and climate have led to some irreversible impacts as natural and human systems have been pushed beyond their adaptive capacity. IPCC Global Temperature Facts

1. The planet’s average surface temperature has risen by about 2 degrees Celsius since the late 19th century, a change largely driven by carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere and other human activities. (NASA)

2. Greenhouse gas concentrations are at their highest level in 2 million years and continue to rise. As a result, the Earth is about 1.1 degrees Celsius warmer than it was in the 1800s. The last decade was the warmest on record. (United Nations)

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3. Earth’s average surface temperature in 2020 is statistically tied with 2016 as the warmest year on record, continuing the long-term warming trend due to human activity. (NASA)

4. In a 2018 report, scientists and government watchdogs agreed that limiting global temperature rise to no more than 1.5 degrees Celsius would help us avoid the worst climate impacts and maintain a livable climate. Yet the current trajectory of carbon dioxide emissions could increase global temperatures by 4.4 degrees Celsius by the end of the century. (United Nations)

5. Although Earth’s climate has changed throughout its history, current warming is occurring at a rate not seen in the past 10,000 years. (NASA)

6. Globally, January 2023 was the seventh-warmest January on record. 2023 is predicted to rank among the 10-warmest years on record. (NCEI, NOAA)

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7. According to the IPCC’s Sixth Assessment Report on the State of Our Climate, the last decade was probably the warmest in the last 125,000 years.

8. According to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the past 22 years have seen 20 of the hottest years on record.

9. Nine of the 10 warmest years since 2005 have occurred since 2015, according to scientists at NOAA’s National Center for Environmental Information (NCEI).

11. UK Met Office scientists have determined that 2019 is one of the top three warmest years on record.

Climate Research And The Effects Of Global Warming

After 2040, and depending on the level of global warming, climate change will lead to numerous risks for natural and human systems. […] If global warming transiently exceeds (overshoot) 1.5°C in the next few decades or so, many human and natural systems will face additional severe risks, of the magnitude and duration of […] compared to remaining below 1.5°C. Depending on the overshoot, some effects will cause additional greenhouse gas emissions and some will be irreversible. IPCCAir quality

13. Collectively, the 100 countries that emit the least gases produce only 3 percent of all global emissions. Whereas, just 10 of the largest emitters contribute 68 percent of total emissions. (United Nations)

416 parts per million. By May 2022, it had risen to 421 parts per million, the highest in human history. (NOAA)

16. The concentration of greenhouse gases in the Earth’s atmosphere is directly related to the Earth’s average global temperature. Density has been increasing since the Industrial Revolution, and global temperatures have been rising with it. (IPCC)

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17. The most abundant greenhouse gas, about two-thirds of the greenhouse gas, is carbon dioxide (CO2), which is primarily a product of burning fossil fuels. (IPCC)

18. Methane, the primary component of natural gas, is responsible for more than 25 percent of the warming we experience today. It is a potent pollutant with a global warming potential 80 times greater than CO2 20 years after it is released into the atmosphere. (UNEP)

19. Over the past 50 years, the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has increased by 30% due to the burning of fossil fuels and the emission of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide and other gases, trapping more heat in the lower atmosphere. (NOAA)

20. The last time carbon dioxide levels on our planet were as high as today were 4 million years ago.

Common Adverse Impacts Of Climate Change On The Environment

21. Aviation accounts for 2.5% of CO2 emissions worldwide, but contributes twice as much to global warming with nitrogen oxides (NOx), vapor trails and cloud formation triggered by the altitude at which they fly.

22. The frequency of more intense category 4 and 5 hurricanes has increased over the past 30 years. These devastating hurricanes are putting more people at risk, and the increased frequency makes it more difficult for people to escape them.

23. Potential to reverse the effects of global warming. If all emissions stopped the planet would cool slowly. However, sea level rise on the other hand will take millennia. (short for carbon)

24. Climate change can directly affect our forests through changes in temperature and precipitation, which can affect carbon storage, roots, soil and tree growth. Climate change can affect the entire life cycle of a tree, which not only reduces growth, but also increases the incidence of pests and plant diseases. This creates a knock-on effect on the surrounding wildlife and the production of forest products for human consumption. (Environmental Protection Agency)

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25. Climate change increases the drying of organic matter in forests, the material that burns and spreads wildfires, and has doubled the number of large wildfires in the western United States between 1984 and 2015. Warm temperatures and dry conditions help spread fires and make them harder to put out.

26. According to WMO, the area and intensity of wildfires has increased in recent years. Unprecedented wildfires caused devastation in 2020 across Australia, the Amazon and Central Asia.

27. Consequences of climate change include, among others, severe droughts, water scarcity, intense wildfires, rising sea levels, floods, melting polar ice caps, catastrophic storms and declining biodiversity. (United Nations)

28. Global sea level is rising by 3.7 mm per year. By 2050, sea level rise is predicted to be about 30 cm. This will cause further coastal flooding and erosion.

How Does Climate Change Affect Coral Reefs?

29. Covering more than 70% of the Earth’s surface, our global oceans have a very high heat capacity. (NASA)

30. About 90% of global warming is occurring in the oceans. Heat stored in the ocean expands its water, which is responsible for one-third to one-half of global sea level rise. (NASA)

31. Oceans have become a kind of ‘sink’ for our planet, absorbing about one-third of the carbon in our atmosphere. Before the industrial revolution, the ocean was actually a source of carbon, but the huge amount of CO2 in the atmosphere now forced it to absorb the gas. (Earth.org)

32. The past 10 years have been the warmest ocean decade since at least the 1800s. 2022 was the warmest year for oceans and the highest global sea level rise ever seen. (NASA)

The Global Impacts Of Rapidly Disappearing Arctic Sea Ice

34. The acidity of surface sea water has increased by about 30% since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. This increase is directly caused by more carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and therefore more being absorbed into the oceans.

35. Effects of ocean warming include sea level rise due to thermal expansion, coral bleaching, rapid melting of Earth’s major ice sheets, intensified hurricanes and changes in ocean health and

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