How To Book Profit In Share Market – The NSE benchmark Nifty50 opened Tuesday’s session on a positive note; However, thereafter, it is shaping up to be a choppy session as the index oscillates between positive and negative territory. It clearly indicates that market participants are nervous, ahead of several key US economic reports, including US retail sales, existing home sales, and the shift through a flurry of speeches from officials of the Federal Reserve in an attempt to see what the central bank’s future plans are for interest rates. could be.

Amid the nervousness that prevails in the market, there is one stock that seems not to be fazed at all. In fact, it has recently soared to new heights, breaking the ceiling and hitting a staggering all-time high of Rs 3,123.10 on the National Stock Exchange (NSE) during the early trading sessions. Can you guess what stock we are talking about? It is none other than Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL)!

How To Book Profit In Share Market

With the stock trading at a new all-time high, it’s mostly about the short-term and long-term moving averages. Interestingly, all key moving averages are in an uptrend and at the same time there is a desired sequence. It also meets the Guppy Multiple Moving Average (GMMA) created by Daryl Guppy. This structure indicates that the stock is in a clear uptrend.

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The trend strength indicator, the average directional index (ADX), is at 31.13, which shows the strength of the trend. And this ADX is in uptrend mode. The +DI is above level 35, which is well above the -DI. This structure indicates the bullish strength of the stock.

The aerospace and defense major announced its earnings recently, operating income grew 8% year-on-year to Rs 12,495 crore. EBITDA increased by a whopping 30% year-on-year to Rs 3,241 crore. Operating margins firmed to 25.9% in Q4FY23, up from 21.6% in Q4FY23. However, the company’s net profit fell to Rs 2,841 crore. , 8% less year-on-year. The company’s order book now stands at Rs 81,784 crore. The stock has generated multibagger returns of 490% over the past three years.

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Please note that by submitting the details mentioned above, you authorize us to call or send you an SMS even if you are registered under DND. We will call or send you an SMS for a period of 12 months. Many investors use the price-to-book ratio (P/B ratio) to compare a company’s market capitalization to its book value and locate undervalued companies. This ratio is calculated by dividing the company’s current share price by its book value per share (BVPS).

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P / B R a t i o = M a r k e t P r i c e p e r S h a r e B o o k V a l u e p e r S h a re

The market value per share is obtained by consulting the information available on most stock tracking websites. You need to find the company’s balance sheet to get the total assets, total liabilities, and shares outstanding. Most investment websites display this financial report in a “finances” tab; some show it in the action summary tab.

The P/B ratio reflects the value that market participants place on a company’s equity relative to the book value of its equity. Many investors use the P/B ratio to find undervalued stocks. By buying an undervalued stock, they hope to be rewarded when the market realizes that the stock is undervalued and returns its price to where it should be, based on the investor’s analysis.

Some investors believe that the P/B ratio is a forward-looking metric that reflects a company’s future cash flows; However, when analyzing the information used to calculate the P/B ratio, the factors used are the price that investors are currently willing to pay, the number of shares issued by a company, and the values ​​on a balance sheet that reflect data from the past. Therefore, the index is not forward-looking and does not predict or indicate future cash flows.

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The P/B ratio also provides a valuable reality check for investors looking for growth at a reasonable price. It is often evaluated with return on equity (ROE), a reliable growth indicator. Large discrepancies between P/B ratio and ROE are often a red flag to investors.

Overvalued growth stocks typically show a combination of low ROE and high P/B ratios. Properly valued stocks have ROE and P/B ratios that grow somewhat similarly because stocks that generate higher returns tend to attract investors and increase demand, thus increasing the market price of the stock.

A high P/B ratio suggests that a stock could be overvalued, while a lower P/B ratio could mean the stock is undervalued.

As with most ratios, the P/B ratio varies by industry. A company should be compared to similarly structured companies in similar industries; Otherwise, the comparison results could be misleading.

Book Value Per Share (bvps)

It is difficult to identify a specific numerical value of a “good” price-to-book (P/B) ratio when determining whether a stock is undervalued and therefore a good investment. It is useful to identify some general parameters or a range for the P/B value, then consider other factors and valuation measures that more accurately interpret the P/B value and forecast a company’s growth potential.

The P/B ratio has been favored by value investors for decades and is widely used by market analysts. Traditionally, anything less than 1.0 is considered desirable by value investors, indicating that an undervalued stock may have been identified. However, some value investors may often consider stocks with a less stringent P/B value of less than 3.0 as a benchmark.

Due to accounting procedures, the market value of equity is often greater than the book value of a security, resulting in a P/B ratio greater than 1.0. In times of low earnings, a company’s P/B ratio can fall below a value of 1.0.

For example, in most cases, companies must expense research and development costs, reducing the book value because this includes expenses on the balance sheet. However, these R&D outlays can create unique production processes for a company or lead to new patents that can generate royalty income. Although accounting principles favor a conservative approach to capitalization of costs, market participants may increase stock prices due to such R&D efforts, resulting in wide differences between market and accounting values ​​of stocks. Actions.

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Let’s say a company has $100 million in assets on the balance sheet, no intangibles, and $75 million in liabilities. Therefore, the book value of that company would be calculated at $25 million ($100 million – $75 million).

If there are 10 million shares outstanding, each share would represent $2.50 of book value. Therefore, if the stock price is $5, the P/B ratio would be 2.0 (5/2.50).

This illustrates that the market price is valued at twice its book value, which may or may not indicate overvaluation. This would depend on how the P/B ratios compare to other companies of similar size in the same sector.

The price-to-book ratio may not be as useful when valuing the stock of a company with fewer tangible assets on its balance sheets, such as service companies and software development companies.

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Closely related to the P/B ratio is the price-to-tangible book value (PTVB) ratio. The latter is a valuation ratio that expresses the price of a security compared to its hard (or tangible) book value as reported on the company’s balance sheet. The tangible book value number is equal to the total book value of the company less than the value of any intangible assets.

Intangible assets can be items such as patents, intellectual property, and goodwill. This may be a more useful valuation measure when something like a patent is valued in different ways or if it is difficult to put a value on such an intangible asset in the first place.

Investors find the P/B ratio useful because the book value of equity provides a relatively stable and intuitive metric that they can easily compare to the market price. The P/B ratio can also be used for companies with positive book values ​​and negative earnings, since negative earnings make the P/E ratio useless. There are fewer companies with negative book values ​​than companies with negative earnings.

However, when the accounting standards applied by companies vary, P/B ratios may not be comparable, especially for companies in different countries. Additionally, P/B ratios may be less useful for information technology and services companies with few tangible assets on their balance sheets. Finally, book value can become negative due to a long string of negative earnings, making the P/B ratio useless for relative valuation.

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Other potential problems with using the P/B ratio arise from the fact that any number of scenarios, such as recent acquisitions, recent write-offs, or share buybacks, can distort the book value figure in the equation. When looking for undervalued stocks, investors should consider valuation multiples

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